Smart Cities

Smart City Dholera

Smart cities is a widely used term across the globe and is often referred to with myriad names such as cyberville, ‘digital city’, electronic communities, flexi city, information city, intelligent city, knowledge-based city, MESH city , telicity, teletopia, Ubiquitous city and wired city.

The terms are relative and the inclusions of a smart city differ from country to country. However a smart city may be broadly defined as a city that works towards overall sustainability and elevated quality of life through usage of Information and Communication technology. Through usage of digital technology, such cities make wiser and more effective use of available resources thus reducing the cost and conserving natural resources.

ICT is also used for a better engagement with the citizens of the smart city so that their challenges can be understood and met through advanced mechanisms. A smart city often consists of most or all of the four factors which include wide usage of Information and Communication

technology, usage of such ICT in the government systems, application of electronic and digital technologies and encouraging practices that connect the citizens to ICT to meet their challenges effectively.

Usage of most of the above factors in a smart city leads to the much needed innovation and transformation in the lives of its residents.

Leading places that can be quoted as an example of smart city in true essence are Southampton, Amsterdam, Barcelona and Stockholm.

Frost & Sullivan 2014 “We identified eight key aspects that define a Smart City: smart governance, smart energy, smart building, smart mobility, smart infrastructure, smart technology, smart healthcare and smart citizen.”

Smart City Of Dholera
Dholera Sir Smart City

As per Caragliu and Nijkamp 2009, “A city can be defined as ‘smart’ when investments in human and social capital and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and engagement.”The demand for creating smart cities is on a constant rise and as per estimates; the global market for smart urban services shall reach $400 million per annum in another five years. Many reasons have led to the surge in demand including change in the climate, rise in need for resource conservation, environmental pollution, ageing population, movement from retail to online structure and the rising pressure on public finances.

Dholera SIR is the first smart city on which developmental work has begun and few other cities that have been selected include Shendra Bidkin, Maharashtra and GIFT City, Gujarat .Smart city: A concept that is changing the world for better and transforming the life of us people making it more qualitative.

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